Spoken English Topic

Please study the following vocabulary or information for this week's lesson. Looking forward to talking to you!

Some of this information is from Wikipedia

Earth Day is an annual event celebrated on April 22. Worldwide, various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. In 1970, the first Earth Day celebrations took place in two thousand colleges and universities, roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities across the United States. Earth Day events are now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.

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eCycling Educational Survey

减少 回收 再利用 Reduce Reuse Recycle - I

VocabularyDescription
activity
air
animal
atmosphere
bus
carbon dioxide CO2
cans
card
chemicals
climate The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
climate change
clothes
drought A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in its water supply, whether atmospheric, surface or ground water.
earth
Earth Day Earth Day is an annual event, celebrated on April 22, on which day events worldwide are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network and celebrated in more than 193 countries each year.
earthquake An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves.
efficient
electricity
emissions Emission of air pollutants, notably: Flue gas, gas exiting to the atmosphere via a flue. Exhaust gas, flue gas generated by fuel combustion. Emission of greenhouse gases, which absorb and emit radiation in the thermal infrared range.
energy
environment
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
fuel
fumes gas, smoke, or vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale.
garden
gas
glass
global warming
greenhouse greenhouse effect
greenhouse gases
ground water
grow
habitat A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism.
hazardous waste Hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment. In the United States, the treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste is regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
heat
hurricane A violent, tropical, cyclonic storm of the western North Atlantic, having wind speeds of or in excess of 72 miles per hour (32 m/sec).
lake
landfill A low area of land that is built up from deposits of solid refuse in layers covered by soil.
metal
natural resource
ocean
oil
organic Noting or pertaining to a class of chemical compounds that formerly comprised only those existing in or derived from plants or animals, but that now includes all other compounds of carbon.
paper
people
plant
plastic
pollution Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants.
raw materials
renewable energy wind energy, solar energy, water energy, nuclear energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy
repair
reuse
ride
river
rubbish waste material; refuse or litter.
train
trash
toxic
sea level
scientist
solar
solar energy
sun
temperature
tornado A localized, violently destructive windstorm occurring over land, especially in the Middle West, and characterized by a long, funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground and made visible by condensation and debris.
walk
warmer
water
waste
weather
wildfire
world
solar energy

减少 回收 再利用 Reduce Reuse Recycle - II

VocabularyDescription
ecosystem An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system. These biotic and abiotic components are regarded as linked together through nutrient cycles and energy flows.
compost A mixture of various decaying organic substances, as dead leaves or manure, used for fertilizing soil.
contaminants The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) defines "contaminant" as any physical, chemical, biological or radiological substance or matter in water. Drinking water may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. Some contaminants may be harmful if consumed at certain levels in drinking water.
conservation the wise use of water, land, and other resources to minimize waste or loss
ozone Ozone is a gas composed of three atoms of oxygen. Ozone occurs both in the Earth's upper atmosphere and at ground level
petrol Gasoline also known as petrol outside North America, is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines.
sustainability (in Environmental Science) The quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources, and thereby supporting long-term ecological balance
tyresTyre (wheel), or tire, the outer part of a wheel.

减少 回收 再利用 Reduce Reuse Recycle - III
VocabularyDescription
biodegradableCapable of being decomposed by bacteria or other living organisms.
biodiversity Biodiversity is the variety of life. It can be studied on many levels. At the highest level, you can look at all the different species on the entire Earth. On a much smaller scale, you can study biodiversity within a pond ecosystem or a neighborhood park.
ecological footprint An ecological footprint is a measure of human impact on Earth's ecosystems. It's typically measured in area of wilderness or amount of natural capital consumed each year.
sustainabilityIn more general terms, sustainability is the endurance of systems and processes. The organizing principle for sustainability is sustainable development, which includes the four interconnected domains: ecology, economics, politics and culture.





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